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Sustainable Development. GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

In 2015, the international community adopted a set of 17 goals as part of a new global agenda on sustainable development.

GOAL 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all.

Why include clean water and Sanitation to Sustainable Development Goals?

• 2.1 billion people around the world don’t have access to safe water and 4.5 billion lack access to adequate sanitation.
• Women and children spend more than four hours walking for water each day.
• Each day, nearly 1,000 children die due to preventable water and sanitation-related diarrhoeal diseases.
• At least 1.8 billion people globally use a source of drinking water that is fecally contaminated.
• 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines.
• More than 80 per cent of wastewater resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or sea without any pollution removal.
• Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational . opportunities for poor families across the world.

What would it cost to correct the problem?
A study by the World Bank Group, UNICEF and the World Health Organization estimates that extending basic water and sanitation services to the unserved would cost US$28.4 billion per year from 2015 to 2030, or 0.10 per cent of the global
product of the 140 countries included in its study.

Target of Goal 6:

• Achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
• Improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.
• Substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
• Implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
• By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
• Expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
• Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

To know more details about the significance of Goal 6, click here.

To know more on UAE Govt’s initiative on SDG goal 6, click here.

Listen to Gary White of Water.org talk about WaterCredit: one of the  smart solutions to a complex water crisis in developing countries.


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