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Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender Equality

Purpose  of Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large.

How does gender inequality affect women?
Disadvantages in education translate into lack of access to skills and limited opportunities in the labour market.
Women’s and girls’ empowerment is essential to expand economic growth and promote social development. The full participation of women in labor forces would add percentage points to most national growth rates— double digits in many cases.

Where have we reached so far? 

• About two thirds of countries in the developing regions have achieved gender parity in primary education
• In Southern Asia, only 74 girls were enrolled in primary school for every 100 boys in 1990. By 2012, the enrolment ratios were the same for girls as for boys.
• In sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania and Western Asia, girls still face barriers to entering both primary and secondary school.
• Women in Northern Africa hold less than one in five paid jobs in the non-agricultural sector. The proportion of women in paid employment outside the agriculture sector has increased from 35 per cent in 1990 to 41 per cent in 2015
• In 46 countries, women now hold more than 30 per cent of seats in national parliament in at least one chamber.

Goal 5 target: Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.

To know details about why is gender equally important, click here. Watch an animation film on gender equality in Hindi .

To know more on UAE Govt’s initiative on SDG goal 5, click here

Here is a TED Talk by Michael Kimmel who makes the surprising, funny, practical case for treating men and women equally in the workplace and at home. It’s not a zero-sum game, but a win-win that will result in more opportunity and more happiness for everybody.

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