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Sustainable Development Goal 2 : Zero Hunger

In 2015, the international community adopted a set of 17 goals as part of a new global agenda on sustainable development.

GOAL 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Why?
Because its vulgar that we live in a world where millions of children die of hunger and many millions suffer starvation, while rest waste food.

Extreme hunger and malnutrition remains a barrier to sustainable development and creates a trap from which people cannot easily escape. Hunger and malnutrition mean less productive individuals, who are more prone to disease and thus often unable to earn more and improve their livelihoods. There are nearly 800 million people who suffer from hunger worldwide.Because its vulgar that we live in a world where millions of children die of hunger and many millions suffer starvation, while rest waste food.

Hunger facts:

Globally, one in nine people in the world today (795 million) are undernourished. The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9 percent of the population is undernourished.Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total. Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45 per cent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.One in four of the world’s children suffer stunted growth. 66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.

A profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed if we are to nourish today’s 795 million hungry and the additional 2 billion people expected by 2050.

Food security
Agriculture is the single largest employer in the world, providing livelihoods for 40 per cent of today’s global population. It is the largest source of income and jobs for poor rural households. 500 million small farms worldwide, most still rainfed, provide up to 80 per cent of food consumed in a large part of the developing world. Investing in smallholder women and men is an important way to increase food security and nutrition for the poorest, as well as food production for local and global markets.

Few Solutions
Explore diverse diets
Promote indigenous ‘forgotten foods’ develop locally important crop species.
Promote underutilised crops and agricultural biodiversity
Curb food wastage
Sensitize affluent class for the lifestyle related malpractices
Work to improve on unsustainable expansion of agriculture and issues such as soil erosion, water pollution through agrochemicals, and emission of greenhouse gases

How much will it cost to achieve zero hunger?
We will need an estimated additional $267 billion per year on average to end world hunger by 2030. There will need to be investments in rural and urban areas and in social protection, so poor people have access to food and can improve their livelihoods

For  more details on why Goal 2 is significant in sustainable development and why zero hunger matters, click here.

For World Agriculture Journal ( A peer-reviewed, scientific open access journal for opinion formers, decision makers, policy makers and farmers)  click here.

To know more on UAE Govt’s initiative on SDG goal 2, click here.

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