In 2015, the international community adopted a set of 17 goals as part of a new global agenda on sustainable development.
Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
In a global survey conducted by UN Development Programme, policy makers from around the world acknowledged that inequality in their countries is generally high and potentially a threat to long-term social and economic development.
• Evidence from developing countries shows that children in the poorest 20 per cent of the populations are still up to three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday than children in the richest quintiles
• Social protection has been significantly extended globally, yet persons with disabilities are up to five times more likely than average to incur catastrophic health expenditures
• Despite overall declines in maternal mortality in the majority of developing countries, women in rural areas are still up to three times more likely to die while giving birth than women living in urban centres.
• On average—and taking into account population size—income inequality increased by 11 per cent in developing countries between 1990 and 2010
• A significant majority of households in developing countries—more than 75 per cent of the population—are living today in societies where income is more unequally distributed than it was in the 1990s
• Evidence shows that, beyond a certain threshold, inequality harms growth and poverty reduction, the quality of relations in the public and political spheres and individuals’ sense of fulfilment and self-worth
• There is nothing inevitable about growing income inequality; several countries have managed to contain or reduce income inequality while achieving strong growth performance
• Income inequality cannot be effectively tackled unless the underlying inequality of opportunities is addressed.
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To know more on UAE Govt’s initiative on SDG goal 10, click here.
Film recommendation: Must watch -Where to Invade Next ,Directed by Michael Moore
With humor and wit, Moore leads us on a tour of nations that have lessons to share about how to reduce inequality and provide a dignified life for all. Stops along the way include a chat with Italian factory owners proud of their pro-labor policies and a look at Iceland, where bankers responsible for the 2008 financial crisis actually found themselves sent to the slammer, unlike their peers in the United States.